Aeroplane propeller & engine

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made in Leeds; Paisley, Renfrewshire

Postcard of Aeroplane propeller & engine.
© National Museums Scotland

Aeroplane propeller & engine

This aeroplane propeller and aero engine were probably used together around 1914 to power a Bleriot biplane. The propeller was made in 1913 by the Blackburn Propeller Co. of Leeds. The aero-engine was one of two made in 1911 or 1912 by Arrol-Johnston of Paisley in Renfrewshire.

The two-bladed wooden propeller is stamped on the hub 'BLACKBURN PROPELLERS LEEDS, TYPE B.40 NUMBER.138.' There are faded transfers on the blades. The semi-radial, air-cooled piston engine had four cylinders in a 'fan' layout. Only 3 cylinders survive.

The Arrol-Johnston engine is a rare example of an early aero-engine being one of only two examples built. The layout for this type of powerplant would have been used on a Lane monoplane which followed the layout of the Bleriot XI but with a biplane tail plane. The lane was designed in 1910 by Charles Lane of Lanes British Aeroplanes Ltd of London.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-190-004-374-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  T.1974.118
Date: 1911 - 1912
c. 1914
Propeller: 1913; Engine: 1911-2
Material: Wood. Inscription: BLACKBURN PROPELLERS LEEDS, TYPE B.40 NUMBER.138
Dimensions: 30.00" H x 44.00" x 24.00"
93.00" D x 8.00" x 4.50"
What: Aeroplane engine
Aeroplane propeller
Subject: 1. AERONAUTICS, Piston engines (Departmental Classification)
1. AERONAUTICS, Piston engines (Departmental Classification)
Who: Arrol-Johnston, Paisley (Maker)
Blackburn Propeller Co., Leeds (Maker)
Graham Donald (User)
Graham Donald (User)
Where: England, Yorkshire, Leeds
Scotland, Renfrewshire, Paisley
Description: Aeroplane propeller made about 1914, signed by Blackburn Propeller Co. of Leeds, and used by Mr Graham Donald
Aeroplane piston engine by Arrol-Johnston of Paisley from 1911 - 1912, and used by Mr Graham Donald
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