NMS


 

Record

Astronomical compendium (detail)

< 38 of 732 > Back

made in London

Astronomical compendium (detail)
Add to album

This astronomical compendium - a nocturnal, a latitude list, a pocket sun-dial, compass and calendar combined - was made in London in 1575 by Humphrey Cole, a notable instrument maker. This detail shows the compass housed in the compendium's lower leaf.

The compass card has 32 points with the main eight points marked in full, the rest marked by their first letters. North is further indicated by a fleur-de-lys, east by a cross, south by an arrow and west by a spade. The card's edge has a 360 degree scale.

It appears that a magnetic compass was first incorporated with a sundial, to assist with direction-setting, as early as the 14th century.

Record details

To search on related items, click any underlined text below.


< 38 of 732 > Back