Diptych sundial (closed)

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made in Dieppe, France

Postcard of Diptych sundial (closed).
© National Museums Scotland

Diptych sundial (closed)

Diptych sundials have two plates hinged together, and in use open out to form a right angle, with the string hinge operating as a gnomon. This ivory example was made in the 17th century in Dieppe in France. The photograph shows the base.

The outside of the base has a pewter disc which is used together with the lunar dial housed on the inside of the base. The calender grid is surrounded by a calendrical scale, used with the hour scale of the magnetic agimuth sundial inside the diptych.

Knowing the date of the first Sunday of a particular year, the user of this perpetual calender could locate the days of the week for any month in that year.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-190-001-027-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  T.1924.13
Date: 17th century
Material: Ivory, metal disc. Inscription: [On base] Names of French towns with information concerning them
Dimensions: 2.88" x 2.38"
What: Sundial, universal
Subject: 20. TIME MEASUREMENT, Sundials (Departmental Classification)
France, Dieppe
Description: French universal sundial in ivory, book form, base with sunk compass surrounded by horizontal dial, analemmatic dial, moon dial and equinoctial and polar dials, unsigned, Dieppe, 17th century
  • For a similar example, see Lloyd, Steven A., Ivory Diptych Sundials 1570-1750. London & Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard, 1992. p 128, and p 28 for perpetual calenders. 
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