Coin (reverse), a denarius of Trajan

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Postcard of Coin (reverse), a denarius of Trajan.
© National Museums Scotland

Coin (reverse), a denarius of Trajan

This silver coin was minted in Rome for the Roman emperor Trajan sometime between 103 and 111 AD. It is a type of coin known as a denarius, used in Scotland by the Roman army for dealings within the army or with foreign merchants.

The reverse depicts Abundantia, the spirit of Abundance and Plenty, holding corn ears and horns of plenty. She is symbolic of the vital supply of daily bread to the capital. Around her is the inscription 'S.P.Q.R. OPTIMO PRINCIPI'.

For dealings within the army, and for transactions with foreign merchants, the Romans in Scotland used coins minted elsewhere in the empire. Dealings with natives were based on barter.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-190-000-348-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  H.C10509
Date: 103 - 111
Minted between 103 and 111 AD
Material: Silver; edge nick at 8.0 (obverse); reverse very slightly off-centre; very slight wear. Inscription: Obv. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P; laureate draped cuirassed bust right / Rev. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI; Abundantia standing left, holding co
Dimensions: 20.00 x 18.00 mm D / Die Axis: 6.0
What: Coin Type: RIC 167
Coin, denarius
Subject: Queen Street Coin Collection
Who: Abundantia
Where: Italy, Rome
Roman Empire
Description: Silver denarius of Trajan, Rome, AD 103 - 111
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