Coin (obverse), Denarius, of Caius Iulius Caesar

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minted in Rome

Postcard of Coin (obverse), Denarius, of Caius Iulius Caesar.
© National Museums Scotland

Coin (obverse), Denarius, of Caius Iulius Caesar

This silver coin was minted in Rome by Caius Iulius (Julius) Caesar in 49 or 48 BC. It is a type called a denarius, the most common Roman silver coin. This picture shows the obverse of the coin.

The reverse depicts a bowl (culullus), sprinkler (aspergillum), axe and priestly cap (apex), symbols of the office of Pontifex Maximus. The college of pontiffs, led by the Pontifex Maximus, had legal authority over all matters concerning religion.

Julius Caesar was a military leader and dictator, but he also held the important priestly offices of Pontifex Maximus and Augur. The Romans saw no conflict in a man holding multiple secular and religious offices as long as the duties did not interfere.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-190-000-056-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  A.1915.174
Date: 49 - 48 BC
49 or 48 BC
Material: Silver. Inscription: Obv. Pontifical emblems - culullus, aspergillum, axe and apex / Rev. Elephant r., trampling dragon; in exergue, CAESAR
Dimensions: 18.50 mm D / Die Axis: 1.5
What: Coin, denarius
Subject: Ancient Coin Collection
Where: Italy, Rome
Description: Silver denarius of the Roman Republic, Rome, 49 - 48 BC
  • Crawford, M.H. Roman Republican Coinage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976. 
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