Mining dial

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Probably made in Glasgow

Postcard of Mining dial.
© National Museums Scotland

Mining dial

This brass mining dial was made around 1850, probably by Gardner & Co., scientific instrument makers based in Glasgow. Despite its name the mining dial was used in a wide range of local and estate surveying.

The mining dial has two opposing slit and window sights. The dial shows the four cardinal points and has a scale divided into 360 degrees. Engraved on the dial plate is 'GARDNER & CO. OPTICIANS &c./ 21 BUCHANAN ST. GLASGOW'. The needle is made of steel.

The Gardner's family firm was established in 1799 by John Gardner, who had been James Watt's principal journeyman before setting up on his own. The firm became prolific makers of scientific instruments during the 19th century.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-100-102-761-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  T.1980.151
Date: Around 1850
c. 1850
Material: Brass. Inscription: GARDNER & Co. OPTICIANS &c. / 21 BUCHANAN ST. GLASGOW.
Dimensions: 161 mm D
Who: Arthur Frank Collection of Scottish Scientific Instruments
Gardner and Co., Glasgow (Maker)
Where: Scotland, Lanarkshire, Glasgow
Description: Glazed circular compass in brass with silvered dial, recessed circular level, two folding opposed slit and window sights and socket mount, signed by Gardner and Co. of Glasgow, c. 1850
  • Clarke, T.N., Morrison-Low, A.D. & Simpson, A.D.C. Brass & glass scientific instrument making workshops in Scotland as illustrated by instruments from the Arthur Frank Collection at the Royal Museum of Scotland. Edinburgh: NMS, 1989. p 175 
  • T.N. Clarke, A.D. Morrison-Low and A.D.C. Simpson (1989): "Brass and Glass 
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