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Clinometer

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Probably made in Glasgow

Clinometer
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A clinometer is a surveying instrument used for measuring the angle of inclination. This example used for levelling drains was made around 1870, probably by Gardener & Co. of Glasgow. It was sold by Glasgow-based scientific instrument seller, James Brown.

The clinometer has a push-fit focusing telescope, with a level tube below. The scale reads +12 to -12 degrees from the horizontal and is divided into 0.5 degrees. The instrument is signed 'JAMES BROWN GLASGOW'.

The enormous growth of Glasgow in the late 19th century led to the building of sewage systems to counter diseases such as cholera and typhoid.

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