Grinding Bowl

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from Camelon, Stirlingshire

Postcard of Grinding Bowl.
© National Museums Scotland

Grinding Bowl

This sandstone grinding bowl, also known as a mortarium, was found at the site of the Roman fort at Camelon in Stirlingshire. It dates from between 80 and 165 AD.

The grinding bowl has an inscription which reads '...TITI', interpreted as '(Property) of the century of Titus'. A century was a military division. Each legion was divided into cohorts, each of which was composed of a century of 80 men.

Brought to Scotland by the Romans, writing was a vital part of the bureaucracy generated by the army. Many Roman soldiers could read and write to some extent, and marked their names on their belongings.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-100-037-731-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  X.FX 310
Date: Between 80 and 165 AD
Material: Sandstone; heavy; with inscription
Dimensions: 12.00" H
What: Mortar / portion
Where: Scotland, Stirlingshire, Falkirk, Camelon
Description: Side of a heavy sandstone mortar with inscription, from Camelon
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