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Capital (detail)

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from Newstead, Roxburghshire

Capital (detail)
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A capital is the top of a column. This is a detail of a carving on a sandstone capital supporting an arch, found at the site of the Roman fort at Newstead in Roxburghshire. It dates from between 80 and 180 AD.

A boar has been carved in relief on the roughly finished capital. The boar was the emblem of the 20th Legion which was stationed at Newstead.

Most buildings within Roman forts were built of timber with wattle and daub walls. Stone was used, however, for important buildings and the bath house. The Roman army also introduced a range of new materials such as plaster, mortar and cement.

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