Leather shoe or boot

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From Newstead, Roxburghshire

Postcard of Leather shoe or boot.
© National Museums Scotland

Leather shoe or boot

This fragmentary leather shoe or boot, also known as a calceus, was found during excavations at the site of the Roman fort at Newstead in Roxburghshire. It dates from around 140 to 160, providing evidence of a soldier's footwear.

Only the upper half of the shoe survives. It was probably made by using nails to attach the sole to other bottom layers. The upper part of the shoe was attached between the sole and the insole, and usually had heel stiffeners.

A variety of shoes have been found in Roman Britain, included examples where the soles were nailed or stitched to the bottom layers, sandals and one-piece shoes. Surviving where conditions are favourable, they show changing fashions over time.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-100-036-790-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  X.FRA 80
Date: 140 - 150
Between 140 and 160 AD
Material: Leather; large oval holes for the latchet; one side of the upper wanting
Dimensions: 11.00" L
What: Calceus / shoe
Who: Newstead Collection
Where: Scotland, Roxburghshire, Melrose, Newstead
Description: Leather calceus with only half of upper surviving, from Newstead, 140 - 150 A.D.
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