Building stone from Cramond, Midlothian

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Postcard of Building stone from Cramond, Midlothian.
© National Museums Scotland

Building stone from Cramond, Midlothian

This building stone was found at the site of the Roman fort at Cramond in Midlothian. It has an inscription recording building works by the 2nd Legion at the fort. It was carved sometime between 140 and 210 AD.

The abbreviated inscription reads 'LEG. II. AUG. FECIT' between 'IV' on the left and 'SA' on the right. This translates as 'The 2nd Legion August built this, by the century of S... A...'. Each legion was divided into ten cohorts, most of which were composed of 480 men, which in turn had six centuries of 80 men.

The Roman army recorded their building works on building stones and sculptures. The inscriptions generally record - in a very abbreviated format - the Emperor's name, his titles, the name of the military unit responsible, the name of the governor and what was done.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-000-136-617-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0035: Early Scottish Shelter - Life in the Prehistoric Home (multimedia essay)
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  X.FV 15
Date: Between 140 and 210 AD
Material: Stone; inscribed
Dimensions: 155 mm H x 250 mm W
What: Stone, building
Where: Scotland, Midlothian, Cramond
Description: Inscribed building stone from Cramond
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