Wheel from Newstead, Roxburghshire

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Postcard of Wheel from Newstead, Roxburghshire.
© National Museums Scotland

Wheel from Newstead, Roxburghshire

This wooden wheel made of wood and iron was found at the site of the Roman fort at Newstead in Roxburghshire. It is a rare survival of a wheel, and was used on a cart or chariot between 140 and 180 AD.

The hub was carved from a single piece of oak. The rim (or felloe) of the wheel is made up from six joined sections. The treads were attached with wooden dowels. Only parts of the spokes survive.

The Romans built a network of proper roads in southern Scotland where there had only been tracks and paths before. Materials needed to set up and provision the forts in Scotland were hauled over short and long distances by horses pulling carts and wagons.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-000-136-607-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0035: Early Scottish Shelter - Life in the Prehistoric Home (multimedia essay)
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  X.FRA 477
Date: Between 140 and 180 AD
What: Wheel
Who: Newstead Collection
Where: Scotland, Roxburghshire, Melrose, Newstead
Description: Spoked cart or chariot wheel from Newstead
  • Curle, James. Notes on some undescribed objects from the roman fort at Newstead, Melrose. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 47 (1912-13), pp 384-405. 
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