Axehead from Townfoot, Dolphinton, Lanarkshire

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Postcard of Axehead from Townfoot, Dolphinton, Lanarkshire.
© National Museums Scotland

Axehead from Townfoot, Dolphinton, Lanarkshire

This stone axehead was found at Townfoot near Dolphinton in Lanarkshire. It was made from stone quarried at Creag na Caillich in Perthshire sometime between 2900 and 2200 BC.

The axehead was made from calc-silicate hornfels, a hard grey-green rock of very fine grain. Axeheads made from this stone were popular in northeast Scotland, but some have been found far from the quarry site in Perthshire.

Ground stone axeheads were used by early farming communities as tools for felling trees and working wood. They could also have been used as weapons, rather like native American tomahawks. Some special axeheads were for ceremonial rather than everyday use.

Record details

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Online ID: 000-000-136-600-C
Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland
Project: 0035: Early Scottish Shelter - Life in the Prehistoric Home (multimedia essay)
Project description | View all records in project
Ref: National Museums Scotland  X.AF 940
Date: Between 2900 and 2200 BC
Material: Calc silicate hornfels; square butt; flattened sides
Dimensions: 4.70" x 2.80" across cutting edge x 0.85"
What: Axe
Who: Peter F. Dunlop Collection
Where: Scotland, Lanarkshire, Dolphinton, Townfoot
Description: Axe head of calc silicate hornfels, from Townfoot, Dolphinton, Lanarkshire
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