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Model of horizontal oil shale retort

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Model of horizontal oil shale retort
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This is a model of the type of retort used in the 1850s by the scientist and entrepreneur, James Young.

This type of retort was used from 1851 when Young started his Bathgate works. After the introduction of the vertical retort in 1852 its use was very gradually superseded.

James Young, 1811-1883, the founding father of the oil industry, was the first to realise the potential for extracting paraffin from oil rich shales and coals. He set up a successful business but sold it in 1866 to return to research in pure science.

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