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Altar

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from Newstead, Roxburghshire

Altar
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This sandstone altar was found at the site of the Roman fort at Newstead in Roxburghshire. It was used for worship to Jupiter, the father of the gods, between 140 and 160 AD.

The inscription translates as 'To Jupiter, Best and Greatest, Gaius Arrius Domitianus, centurion of the 20th Legion Valeria Victrix, gladly, willingly, and deservedly fulfilled his vow.'

The idea of a contract between human beings and the gods was central to Roman religious practice. Offerings to the gods were made in temples and shrines devoted to particular deities. These offerings included altars, such as this one.

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